while ‘equity’ is a core principle in the UN process to find a global deal, countries have so far been allowed to determine their own targets on a purely national basis without reference to the scale of the global effort needed
Fair Shares: A Civil Society Equity Review of INDCs
The Fair Shares report is based on the information governments have submitted to the UN about their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), which outline by how much they pledge to cut their emissions.
It shows that many developing countries are pledging to do more than their ‘fair share’ to cut emissions while rich countries are dangerously failing to pull their weight.
The “fair share” that each country should embrace in tackling climate change is assessed based on their level of
responsibility in causing the crisis as well as their capacity to tackle climate change at this moment in time.
- The ambition of all major developed countries falls well short of their fair shares, which include not only domestic action but also international finance. Those with the starkest gap include Russia (contributing nothing towards its fair share), Japan (contributing about a tenth of its fair share), the United States, (contributing about a fifth of its fair share) and the EU, contributing just over a fifth of
its fair share).
- The majority of developing countries assessed have made mitigation pledges that exceed their fair share. This includes Kenya, the Marshall Islands, China and Indonesia. India’s INDC is broadly in line with its fair share while Brazil’s is slightly more than two thirds of its fair share.
- Most developed countries have fair shares that are already too large to meet by cutting its emissions alone. The remainder of their fair shares must be met by providing support for an equivalent reduction of emissions in developing countries. This accounts for almost half of the cuts needed globally, indicating the need for a vast expansion of international finance, technology and support.
- Although climate finance is critical for developed countries to deliver their fair shares, there is a striking lack of commitments. Scaled-up international finance is required so developing countries can go beyond their own fair shares and deliver the total emissions cuts needed globally. A significant increase in public climate finance is also needed to meet adaptation needs and to cover loss and damage in developing countries, particularly for the most vulnerable.